Publications — Strategic Policy

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The Army Strategy for the Environment
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Oct. 2004

Abstract: On October 1, 2004, the Secretary and the Chief of Staff of the Army signed out a new strategy to guide the Army over the next 20-25 years. The primary objective of this new Army Strategy for the Environment is to apply a mission-oriented, systems approach to managing environmental issues across the Army. The Strategy seeks to integrate improved practices based on the principles of sustainability across all Army functional areas.

A Strategic Planning Primer: Models, Methods, and Misunderstandings
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June. 1992 / Publication #392

Abstract: Strategic planning guides fundamental decisions and actions that shape an organization, it activities, and its purpose. Strategic planning has roots in many different disciplines, particularly military science, community planning, corporate planning, budgeting and finance. This primer summarizes some of the many different models and schools of thought on strategic planning. Finally, the primer provides some reflections on effectiveness criteria, process design concerns, and some common misunderstandings and misconceptions associated with strategic planning process.

Army Environmental Policy and ISO 14001
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Jun. 2001

Abstract: Since the 1970s, the U.S. Army has instituted environmental policies, programs, regulations, and management systems to ensure that its mission and support activities have minimal effects on the environment and comply with national policy.

In recent years, the Army has incorporated environmental management systems (EMS) at some installations through the DOD ISO 14001 EMS pilot program, in anticipation of Executive Order 13148, Greening the Government through Leadership in Environmental Management.1 While the EO does not require an EMS to be ISO 14001 compliant, many federal agencies are considering modeling their EMS after ISO 14001.

This article presents how well current Army-wide policy and guidance aligns with the ISO 14001 environmental management standard and offers opportunities for improvements in policy.

Army Environmental Policy Institute 2000-2001
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Jul. 2001

Abstract: AEPI has a significant role in supporting the readiness of our forces. Environmental security is not simply an economic and social concern, but a matter of force protection. During NDIA Conference Session Tract Preparation (prior to the events of 11 September 2001), AEPI began to look into the Environmental Force Protection and Terrorism issues.

Environmental Methods Review: Retooling Impact Assessment for the New Century
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Mar. 1998

Abstract: This volume is about "methods" - the tools and techniques of environmental assessment (EA) and impact assessment (IA). It seeks to set forth "what's new and important" in methods to conduct particular facets of EA/IA...

1995 Environmental Trends Impacts Report - Final Report
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Oct. 1996

Abstract: This document supplements the 1995 Environmental Trends Update Report. It analyses the impacts on the Army of the fifty-five environmental trends and ten emerging issues identified as having significance to the U S. Army. The information is current through December 31, 1995.

The trends cover twelve major areas of interest: Enforcement, Legislation, and Regulation; Administration, Cleanup, Compliance, Pollution Prevention, Conservation, Energy, Risk Assessments and Audits, International Activities and Global Problems, Economics and Cost, Interest Groups and Public Opinion, and Education and Employment. Impacts of these trends are analyzed in nine areas: infrastructure, personnel, funding, technology development, policy development, public relations, reporting, quality of life, and readiness.

This report also analyzes the impact of ten emerging environmental issues that have recently gained increased attention, but have not yet become trends. It also includes an impact analysis of both national and foreign public attitudes and opinions concerning the environment and the impacts of the activities of environmental interest groups in the U.S. and host nations are also discussed.

Environmental Trends - Policy Implications for the U.S. Army
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Mar. 1992 / Publication #0004

Abstract: This paper provides compilation of the environmental trends expected to most significantly influence U.S. Army mission and environmental program management in this decade, and beyond. This document reflects information gathered in mid-1991. It is a statement of observed trends with brief discussions to show relevance to the Army, sometimes stated explicitly and sometimes conveyed implicitly. It does not forecast or recommend future action. The purpose is to bring widely distributed, fragmentary information together in one ready reference. Many of the 41 trends discussed can be consolidated in various combinations to obtain vastly richer insights than possible by looking at them individually. They are deliberately presented separately in order to not foreclose discussion on other possible insights and uses of the information.

Factors Required for Successful Implementation of Future Research in Decision Making
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Sep. 1999 / Publication #999

Abstract: The purpose of this report is to identify and discuss the reasons for success and failure in the use of futures research for timely decisions. Foresightning activities cause impacts to organizations (or society) in a variety of ways most of which are extremely difficult to measure. As a result, foresighting organizations tend to rely on high-level buy-in and public legitimization as signs of their effectiveness.

Future International Environmental Security Issues & Potential Military Requirements over the period 2010-2025 (sometimes referred to as "Phase III Strategic Environmental Assessment for Transformation")
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Dec. 2001 / Publication #1201A

Abstract: This report is the result of a Delphi study chartered to explore future environmental security issues having potential military implications over the period of the Army Transformation. For the purposes of this study, environmental security is broadly defined as the viability of environmental (natural) systems to provide life support, with three sub-elements: preventing or repairing military damage to the environment; preventing or responding to environmentally caused conflicts; and protecting the environment due to the moral value of the environment itself.

Panels of futurists, environmental scientists, and military personnel provided assessments of major issues and their causes. The study's participants concluded that military requirements are changing as a result of new kinds of weapons, asymmetrical conflicts, increasing demands on natural resources, urbanization that is making more people dependent on vulnerable public utilities, continued advances in environmental law with escalating environmental litigation, and globalization that is increasing interdependence.

The study also reached a consensus on five major emerging issues worth further monitoring and assessment for their environmental implications to the Army: the use of biotechnology to build new kinds of weapons; a significant military conflict over water; the role of diseases in triggering conflicts; an increasing emphasis on the sustainable use of natural resources; and the role of the military in large-scale remediation of chemical, biological, nuclear, or nanotechnology incidents or weapons use.

The HALF Imperative: Foundation for Improving the Health of the Force
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May 2002

Abstract: A smaller active duty force and dramatically increased operational tempo have made the Reserve Components essential to accomplishing the Army's missions. This requires a degree of readiness that depends on high levels of health. Currently, the baseline health status of the Reserve Components is not known, even though these members are being activated at increasing numbers to serve in settings where the environmental impact on health may be significant. Future decisions regarding force health protection and deployment policies will be based on analysis of scientific data on health and the environment. Capturing baseline health status is collected during the busy preparations for deployment. This has proven highly ineffective and exceptionally expensive.

Historical Congressional Reference to the Army Environmental Policy Institute
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No Abstract.

How The Army Can Be An Environmental Paragon on Energy
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April 2005

Abstract: This paper will examine the use and conservation of energy for both army mobility and facility operations. The military has been on the forefront of many social, medical and technological changes; therefore we can use our credibility and resources to be the vanguard of change to renewable energy into mainstream society. As a voracious consumer of energy, it will be financially and politically feasible for the army to decrease dependence on fossil fuel. To do so would facilitate use of alternative energy by the public and private sector. Additionally, it is more conducive to a positive public image of being environmentally and fiscally responsible consequentially allowing greater access to local training sites-further decreasing our requirement for mobility fuel.

Implementing Base Realignment and Closure Decisions in Compliance with the National Environmental Policy Act
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May 1991 / Publication #191

Abstract: Signing the Records of Decision (RODs) for U.S. Army Base Realignment and Closure (BRAC) Environmental Impact Statements (EISs) has been impeded by modified proposal action, lack of environmental information, and unclear definitions of responsibilities in the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) process. This policy analysis provides a framework to implement the spirit and intent of NEPA in accordance with BRAC mandates. This policy analysis attempts to identify the underlying problems of BRAC and evaluates alternative strategies to overcome difficulty in preparing environmental analysis and documentation. These strategies focus on improving decision-making, NEPA flexibility, and overall substantive quality of environmental analysis and documentation.

Integrating Environmental Policy Into Other Army Policies
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Aug. 1991

Abstract: Participants in the August 1991 AEPI Trends and Policy Workshop identified for special treatment the topic, extent to which environmental management policy pervades the total policy and culture of an organization, with emphasis on relevance to the Army as it currently operates Scientific Applications International Corporations (SAIC), which has experience with booth private and public sector organization for this effort, conducted an independent study with goals of placing the trends into overall perspective, analyzing current Army policy; forecasting future implications; analyzing potential significance to the Army; and (where appropriate) recommending how Army policy and activities might be improved.

Strategic Environmental Appraisal for Army Transformation: Second Report
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Dec. 2002

Abstract: The Army's Strategic Environmental Appraisal (SEA) for Army Transformation is not a part of the environmental impact analysis process under the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA). It is an internal planning tool roughly patterned on the "strategic environmental assessment" concept sometimes used within the international planning community to facilitate collaboration between operational and environmental planners. Its purpose is to provide information that can make consideration of environmental factors a more integral component of strategic level planning. In this respect, the Army's SEA for Army Transformation feeds the NEPA environmental impact analysis process.

This report is the second version of an ongoing series of periodic reports representing the Army's first attempt at conducting strategic level review of environmental issues and trends and their implications for a successful transformation. The initial report, through a series of issue papers, identified a broad range of environmental topics and was developed as an overview of potential environmental issues and opportunities.

Striking at the U.S. Army's Strength: Soldiers: The Imperative of Bio-Technology for Force Health Protection
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Jul. 2003

Abstract: Carl Von Clausewitz wrote that a blow directed against a center of gravity has the greatest effect. Soldiers, as a powerful hub for transformation, are the Army's metaphorical center of gravity. Soldiers integrate technology, doctrine, and warfighting skills to create the centripetal force that Clausewitz described as necessary to maintain an armed forces' balance. Currently, the most lethal weapons that terrorists possess in their arsenal are biological weapons of mass destruction (WMD) because these weapons strike at the U.S. Army's biological center of gravity -- its soldiers. By using bio-WMD, terrorists can achieve an effects-based calamity that, by contaminating and killing soldiers, can degrade the Army's capabilities. The current chemical - biological (CB) doctrinal framework of contamination avoidance, protection and restoration is inadequate to protect soldiers against emerging biological warfare (BW) agents. Furthermore, it does not support the Army's transformation vision of increased agility and survivability. It is imperative to research, design, then field a force health protection net for soldiers that emphasizes soldier immunity to BW attacks and can predict soldier survivability. Currently, knowledge gaps exist in technology that can quantify BW exposures, science that defines dose-related physiologic responses, and validated research that analyzes the long-term health effects of either acute or chronic exposures. These gaps prevent appropriate medical resource allocation, hinder policy development, and can lead to operational risks. Current force health protection doctrine and policy that focuses on minimizing exposure to BW agents or defining the agent then implementing appropriate controls, must broaden to include bio-technological advances in order to provide a comprehensive health protection net for deployed service members. This paper will analyze the issues, discuss potential implications, and make recommendations for bio-defense policy and doctrine development related to the use of bio-technology as a strategic enabler of force health protection.

Systemic Army Environmental Issues: Perspectives and Interpretation
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Aug. 1992 / Publication #692

Abstract: This paper provides perspectives and interpretations of systemic environmental issues believed to have significantly influenced the U.S. Army environmental program over the past decade. For the Army, systemic issues can be categorized into those problems centered on: people, resources, communication, management and organization. These categories form a foundation for the Army environmental program, such that "problem situations" in these areas can threaten the foundation's stability and affect the Army's ability to continue to develop a sound environmental program.

These problems, as they are presented to the Institute staff, are known to policy analysts as problem situations, Problem situations change overtime, and the possible analyses and interventions of these situations change accordingly. Many reported problems could be consolidated, but are intentionally presented separately to emphasize particular views and insights held on these various topics. The Army Environmental Policy Institute (AEPI) monitors these problems situations and analyzes then to help create a basis for understanding the various views that must be combined to form sound policy analyses.

Transforming the Army National Guard Health Promotion Policy - Meeting the Challenges of a "Fit to Fight" Army National Guard in the 21st Century
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May 2006

Abstract: The Army National Guard (ARNG) has become an operational force vital to the successful achievement of the Army's strategic goals. This new role has propelled the ARNG into frequent deployments of extended duration's of time. The ARNG soldier has met the challenges of "going to war" and will need to remain capable to meet the future challenges of anticipated redeployments. The mission capable soldier requires an extensive investment to maintain and sustain fitness for duty throughout the deployment cycle and the soldier's military career. ARNG medical readiness programs should play a proactive role in soldier health preservation. Presently, ARNG health promotions (HP) programs have not evolved to meet the present operational tempo and address subsequent soldier health demands, injuries and illnesses. To this date, the ARNG has not adopted a relevant health promotion strategy or a strategic management system. This paper will examine present HP policies, address challenges, and purpose solutions to ensure an ARNG force fit to fight.

U.S. Army Environmental Strategy into the 21st Century
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Jun. 1992

Abstract: The U.S. Army Environmental Strategy into the 21st Century defines the Army's leadership, commitment, and philosophy for meeting present and future environmental challenges. It provides a framework to ensure that environmental considerations are integral to the army activities.

Sustainability Report 2009

Sustainability Report 2009
The Army offers its second annual sustainability report to both inform and engage its primary shareholders on progress to embody the principles of sustainability in 2008. read more (PDF)

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